Monday, July 9, 2018

How to Prepare for GATE 2019 Petroleum Engineering (PE)

How to Prepare for GATE 2019 Petroleum Engineering (PE)
How to Prepare for GATE 2019 Petroleum Engineering (PE): Since Petroleum Engineering is relatively new in the GATE scheme, most of the times students appearing for the exam have the biggest dilemma of how to prepare for GATE Petroleum Engineering. GATE Petroleum Engineering question papers are not easily available and many coaching centres also do not offer support in this discipline. To kick start the preparation for GATE Petroleum Engineering, candidates need to know not just the syllabus, exam pattern but also the books to refer. The syllabus is vast and hence its coverage can be planned if one knows which topics have weighatge and what to expect in the exam. Careers360 brings forth all this information from the past year toppers such that future aspirants can know well how to prepare for GATE 2019 Petroleum Engineering. Read on to know more.

How to Prepare for GATE 2019 Petroleum Engineering (PE)


Knowledge is Enlightenment-Know Your Syllabus – Aspirants need to be informed about exam pattern and must have knowledge of syllabus of GATE 2019 for the preparation of petroleum engineering. This is essentially the first step that will allow them to segregate the topics accordingly and plan out a schedule. The GATE 2019 Syllabus for Petroleum Engineering is given below.
GATE Syllabus for PE
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S.No.
Topics
Syllabus for Petroleum Engineering (PE)
1
Numerical Methods
Numerical solutions of linear and non-linear algebraic equations. Integration by trapezoidal and Simpson’s rule. Single and multi-step methods for numerical solution of differential equations
2
Complex variables
Complex number, polar form of complex number, triangle inequality
3
Petroleum Exploration
Classification and description of some common rocks with special reference to clastic and nonclastic reservoir rocks. Origin, migration and accumulation of Petroleum. Petroleum exploration methods.
4
Reservoir Engineering
Petrophysical properties of reservoir rocks, Coring and core analysis, Reservoir fluid properties, Phase behavior of hydrocarbon system, Flow of fluids through porous media, Water and gas coning, Reservoir pressure measurements, Reservoir drives, drive mechanics and recovery factors, Reserve estimation & techniques.
5
Petroleum Formation Evaluation
Evaluation of petrophysical of sub-surface formations: Principles applications, advantages and disadvantages of SP, resistivity, radioactive, acoustic logs and types of tools used. Evaluation of CBL/VDL, USIT, SFT, RFT. Production logging tools, principles, limitations and applications. Special type of logging tools. Casing inspection tools (principles, applications and limitations), Formations micro scanner (FMS), NMR logging principles. Standard log interpretation methods. Cross-plotting methods.
6
Health Safety and Environment in Petroleum Industry
Health hazards in Petroleum Industry: Toxicity, Physiological, Asphyxiation, respiratory and skin effect of petroleum hydrocarbons, sour gases. Safety System: Manual & automatic shutdown system, blow down systems. Gas detection system. Fire detection and suppression systems. Personal protection system & measures. HSE Policies. Disaster & crisis management in Petroleum Industry. Environment: Environment concepts, impact on Eco-system, air, water and soil. The impact of drilling & production operations on environment, Environmental transport of petroleum wastes. Offshore environmental studies. Offshore oil spill and oil spill control. Waste treatment methods.
7
Latest trends in Petroleum Engineering
Coal bed methane, shale gas, oil shale, gas hydrate, and heavy oil
8
Enhanced Oil Recovery Techniques
Basic principles and mechanism of EOR, Screening of EOR process, Concept of pattern flooding, recovery efficiency, permeability heterogeneity. Macroscopic and microscopic displacement efficiency. EOR methods: Chemical flooding, Miscible flooding, Thermal recoveries (steam stimulation, hot water & steam flooding, in-situ combustion), Microbial EOR
9
Oil and Gas Well Testing
Diffusivity equation, derivation & solutions, Radius of investigation, Principle of superposition, Horner’s approximation, Drill Stem Testing, Pressure Transient Tests: Drawdown and build up-test analysis, Wellbore effects, Multilayer reservoirs, Injection well testing, Multiple well testing, Interference testing, Pulse testing, well-test analysis by use of type curves, Gas well testing
10
Offshore Drilling and Production Practices
Offshore oil and gas operations & ocean environment, Offshore fixed platforms, Offshore mobile units, Station keeping methods like mooring & dynamic positioning system, Offshore drilling from fixed platform, jack-up, ships and semi submersibles, Use of conductors and risers, Offshore well completion, Deep water applications of subsea technology, Offshore production: Oil processing platforms, water injection platforms, storage, SPM and SBM transportation and utilities, Deep water drilling rig, Deep water production system, Emerging deep water technologies.
11
Differential equations
First order equations (linear and nonlinear), Higher order linear differential equations with constant coefficients, Cauchy’s and Euler’s equations, Initial and boundary value problems, Laplace transforms, Solutions of one dimensional heat and wave equations and Laplace equation.
12
Calculus
Functions of single variable, Limit, continuity and differentiability, Taylor series, Mean value theorems, Evaluation of definite and improper integrals, Partial derivatives, Total derivative, Maxima and Minima, Gradient, Divergence and Curl, Vector identities, Directional derivatives, Line, Surface and Volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss and Green’s theorems.
13
Linear Algebra
Matrix algebra, Systems of linear equations, Eigen values and eigenvectors.
14
Probability and Statistics
Definitions of probability and sampling theorems, Conditional probability, Mean, median, mode and standard deviation, Random variables, Poisson, Normal and Binomial distributions, Linear regression analysis.
15
Petroleum Production Operations
Well equipments. Well completion techniques, Well production problems and mitigation, Well servicing & Workover operations, Workover & completion fluids, Formation damage, Well stimulation techniques, Artificial lift techniques, Field processing of oil & gas, Storage and transportation of petroleum and petroleum products, Metering and measurements oil & gas, Production system analysis & optimization, Production testing, Multiphase flow in tubing and flow-lines, Nodal system analysis, Pressure vessels, storage tanks, shell and tube heat exchangers, pumps and compressors, LNG value chain.
16
Reservoir Engineering
Petrophysical properties of reservoir rocks, Coring and core analysis, Reservoir fluid properties, Phase behavior of hydrocarbon system, Flow of fluids through porous media, Water and gas coning, Reservoir pressure measurements, Reservoir drives, drive mechanics and recovery factors, Reserve estimation & techniques.
Which topics in GATE 2019 Petroleum Engineering carry more weightage?
This is best learnt from those students who have been there and written the exam. The topper recommendations are detailed below. While it is good to know the topics that one must stress on, what should not be forgotten is that there is no guarantee that the questions will only come from these topics. It is best to be prepared for questions from the entire syllabus in order to crack GATE 2019.

Important Topics as per GATE Toppers:


As per Amit Kumar (AIR 1 - PE) GATE 2018, the following topics are important
Petroleum Exploration ; Reservoir Engineering ; Principles applications, advantages and disadvantages of SP, resistivity, radioactive, acoustic logs and types of tools used; CBL/VDL ; Horner’s Plot; Drill Stem Testing; Pressure Transient Tests: Drawdown and build up-test analysis ;Oil and Gas Well Drilling Technology ; Petroleum Production Operations; Differential equations; Probability ; Numerical Methods ; Matrix algebra
Mudit Vajpayee (AIR 2 - PE) GATE 2018 says, " Reservoir Engineering, Production Engineering and Drilling Engineering – these constitute around 50% marks in PE section of GATE exam."
Which books to refer while preparing for GATE Petroleum Engineering
Experts who are teaching the subject have recommended some books that could be used for GATE preparation for PE. This sort of encompasses the syllabus to be covered to succeed in GATE 2019. Candidates can take a look below.
Reference Books for GATE Petroleum Engineering
S.No.
Reference Books
Authors
1
Petroleum Formation Evaluation
Edward J.Lynch, The English Book Depot, Dehra Dun
2
Health, Safety And Environmental Management In Offshore And Petroleum Engineering
Srinivasan Chandrasekaran
3
Applied Geophysics
Telford, W.M, Geldart, L.P, Shrieff, R.E, 1990, Cambridge University Press
4
Enhanced Oil Recovery
Latil.M From Gulf Publishing Co
5
Wellsite Geological Techniques for Petroleum Exploration: Methods and Systems of Formation Evaluation
Bhagwan Sahay, South Asia Books
6
Modern Petroleum Technology
Volume-1, Upstream, Edited By Richard A, Dawe, John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2000
7
Handbook of Petroleum And Natural Gas Engineering
William C Lyons, Gary, C Plisga, Gulf Professional Publishing
8
Drilling Operation Practice Manual
ONGC’s Publication
9
Elements of Petroleum Geology
Richard C. Selley, Academic Press Second Edition
10
Petroleum Geology
North, F.K., 1985, Springer Publication
11
Geology Of Petroleum
A.I. Leverson, 1954,; W. H. Freenan Company

Books Recommended by GATE 2018 Toppers

Some of the books in addition to the ones mentioned above have been recommended by the GATE 2018 toppers for PE. These books have been used by these students to crack GATE successfully. So candidates can also take a look at thise to refer to the topics as required.
S.No.
Reference Books
Authors
1
Engineering Maths
MADE EASY GATE Engg. Maths book
2
Oil & Gas Drilling
H.Rabia and Heriot-Watt University book
3
Formation Evaluation
Heriot-Watt and SLB Openhole Logs
4
Reservoir Engineering
Tarek Ahmed 4th Ed
5
Well Testing
Tarek Ahmed & McKinney and J. Lee
6
Production Engineering
Boyun Guo and Heriot-Watt Univ
7
Exploration, EOR, Offshore, HSE, Latest trends
IIT (ISM) proff. notes provided on GATE AIOTS PE website
8
Fundamentals of Reservoir Engineering
L.P. Dake
9
Petroleum Production Operations
Heriot Watt Publication
10
Production Operations (vol 1& 2)
Thomas Allen and Alan Robert
11
Surface production operation (vol. 1 &2)
Ken Arnold
12
Offshore Drilling and Production Practices
Sukumar Laik
Some Other Important References - NPTEL Lectures and Videos;
  • Ocean Engineering >> Health, Safety and Environmental Management in Petroleum and Offshore Engineering : Dr. Srinivasan Chandrasekaran, IIT Madras
  • Chemical Engineering >> Petroleum Refinery
  • Higher Engineering Mathematics by B.S.Grewal
  • Engineering Mathematics - Erwin Kreyszig
Success Is Result Of Preparation And Opportunity- To prepare well for GATE 2019 Petroleum Engineering, time management as well as working on strengths and weaknesses are very important. Students need to to make an evaluation plan too to evaluate their preparation for GATE 2019 Petroleum Engineering. Therefore they need to devise a strategy that could provide them enough time for self evaluation after thorough studying.
Your Own Notes Are Your Best Guide- The best guide and companion for the preparation of GATE 2019 Petroleum Engineering are the short notes made during self-study. These notes contain the reminders, revision strtaegies, formulae and important information that could be used during the last days of preparation to ensure a quick revision for each topic. The notes should be prepared in the order of weightage of topics as well as the strong and weak areas of the students.
Practicing Is the Only Way To Perfection- Practicing is mandatory to crack GATE 2019 Petroleum Engineering. The tools that come to the resue are the mock test, previous year’s question papers of GATE 2019 as well as sample papers. After every topic studied, it is advisable to practice from the question papers and ensure that the concept usage is understood. The next step would be to tackle the mock tests in their entirety. A very important point to keep in mind is to analyse the performance and revise where wrong. This way the practising part will be fruitful and the how to prepare for GATE 2019 Petroleum Engineering highly successfull.

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